Please read these four versions of the Triumphal Entry of Jesus as recorded in the four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John as we prepare for Bible Study on April 9, 2014.
MATTHEW 21:1-17 NIV
1 As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples,
2 saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. Untie them and bring them to me.
3 If anyone says anything to you, tell him that the Lord needs them, and he will send them right away.”
4 This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet:
5 “Say to the Daughter of Zion, ‘See, your king comes to you, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’”
6 The disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them.
7 They brought the donkey and the colt, placed their cloaks on them, and Jesus sat on them.
8 A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road.
9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” “Hosanna in the highest!”
10 When Jesus entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred and asked, “Who is this?”
11 The crowds answered, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee.”
MARK 11:1-11 NIV
1 As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples,
2 saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and just as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here.
3 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ tell him, ‘The Lord needs it and will send it back here shortly.’”
4 They went and found a colt outside in the street, tied at a doorway. As they untied it,
5 some people standing there asked, “What are you doing, untying that colt?”
6 They answered as Jesus had told them to, and the people let them go.
7 When they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks over it, he sat on it.
8 Many people spread their cloaks on the road, while others spread branches they had cut in the fields.
9 Those who went ahead and those who followed shouted, “Hosanna!” “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”
10 “Blessed is the coming kingd1om of our father David!” “Hosanna in the highest!”
LUKE 19:28-40 NIV
28 After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
29 As he approached Bethphage and Bethany at the hill called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying to them,
30 “Go to the village ahead of you, and as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here.
31 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ tell him, ‘The Lord needs it.’”
32 Those who were sent ahead went and found it just as he had told them.
33 As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?”
34 They replied, “The Lord needs it.”
35 They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it.
36 As he went along, people spread their cloaks on the road.
37 When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen:
38 “Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!” “Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples!”
40 “I tell you,” he replied, “if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.”
JOHN 12:12-19 NIV
12 The next day the great crowd that had come for the Feast heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem.
13 They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting, “Hosanna!” “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” “Blessed is the King of Israel!”
14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat upon it, as it is written,
15 “Do not be afraid, O Daughter of Zion; see, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt.”
16 At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that they had done these things to him.
17 Now the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to spread the word.
18 Many people, because they had heard that he had given this miraculous sign, went out to meet him.
19 So the Pharisees said to one another, “See, this is getting us nowhere. Look how the whole world has gone after him!”
In Week 15 of 2014 we will look at our understanding of how each Gospel writer records this event. Please consider these discussion questions after reading the four Gospel accounts.
1. It is widely believed that Mark was the first Gospel written. Which of the other three Gospel accounts of the Triumphal Entry follow the outline in Mark? Select one.
2. Jesus sent his disciples to get a donkey and a colt in Matthew but in Mark Jesus sent only for the colt. Is there a conflict between the two Gospels? Why or why not?
3. When Matthew 21:7 says “Jesus sat on them” does that mean Jesus sat on both the donkey and the colt at the same time?
4. What did the word Hosanna mean? Which of the four Gospels does not have this word?
5. Who was the “Daughter of Zion?”
6. Which Old Testament prophet and book was quoted in three of these Gospel versions?
7. Which Gospel account shows where the term “Palm Sunday” came from?
8. What happened before the Triumphal Entry that caused such a big crowd to follow Jesus?
9. Why do you think Jesus chose to ride into Jerusalem on a donkey instead of a big horse?
10. Where in these four Gospel versions do you think the crowds started to show they were going to abandon Jesus or turn against him in less than a week?
11. Which two Gospels show that the Pharisees were in the crowd? Why were they there?
12. Why were so many people in Jerusalem when Jesus made his grand entrance?
13. Who planned this grand parade that has become known as the Triumphal Entry?
14. Which of the Gospel records that Jesus wept again as he got closer to Jerusalem and why do you think he was crying over Jerusalem?
Like the Triumphal Entry, the Resurrection of Jesus is recorded in all four of the Gospels. The Resurrection is the central theme of Christianity and the single most important event in the history of our faith and we should study it carefully.
PLEASE READ MATTHEW 28:1-8; MARK 16:1-8; LUKE 24:1-12; AND JOHN 20:1-10 AS WE STUDY THE RESURRECTION OF OUR LORD FROM VIEW OF THE FOUR GOSPELS ON APRIL 23, 2014.