Please read the introduction to the Epistle to the Galatians that we have attached from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary for a solid background summary on this early and all important letter to the Christians in Galatia from the Apostle Paul. You should hold onto the introduction and refer to it often as we study Galatians for the month of August.
In this first week of our study of Galatians, we will look at Chapter 1. Please read carefully and prayerfully what the Apostle Paul wrote nearly 2,000 years ago that is so important to the Church in 2011. Enjoy, and we will see you on Wednesday night!
1. From what you read in the Introduction to Galatians, which year do many scholars believe Paul wrote this letter? Was this Paul’s first letter among his thirteen Epistles?
2. How many sections are there in the structure of Galatians? What are they?
3. What evidence is presented in the introduction about Galatians Chapter 1 which proves that Paul is the author of Galatians?
4. The historical setting of the introduction cites a challenge to Paul’s teaching from the Judaizers. Who were the Judaizers? What did they teach?
5. In Galatians 1:1, Paul seems to open this letter with the usual salutation and greetings of his other epistles but there is one significant difference in the Epistles to the Galatians. What do you think this major difference is in the first verse of Galatians? Where are those differences in other epistles of Paul?
6. Also in verse 1 Paul jumps right into his defense of his apostleship. Paul starts off telling the Galatians that he was “an apostle – sent not from men nor by man.” Why do think he says this and what do you think he means by this statement?
7. Please name some of the cities that contain the churches in Galatia?
8. In verse 6, Paul starts to defend the Gospel he preached when he was in Galatia previously. Why do you think Paul had to make such a strong defense of the Gospel so early in his letter to the churches in Galatia?
9. In Galatians 1:6-10, Paul seems angry. Why do you think he was so angry with the Galatians churches?
10. What is the “curse” that Paul declares will come upon those who preach a different Gospel?
11. In Galatians 1:11-24, Paul gives a short biography of his life in which he describes what makes him an apostle equal to the 12 original apostles. What is Paul’s main argument that he should considered an apostle of Jesus Christ equal to the other apostles including Peter?
12. Paul speaks strongly and sometimes angrily in this epistle against the “other Gospels” being preached in Galatia. What were examples of other Gospels then and what are some examples of other illegitimate Gospels being preached today?
13. In Galatians 1:16-20, Paul writes that he “did not consult any man” nor did he go to Jerusalem to see the great Apostle Peter for three years after he was changed by Jesus on the Damascus Road. Why do you think Paul emphasizes the he did confer with any man about his apostleship and appointment by Jesus? Why do you think Paul had to go to see Peter, even if it took him three years?