On October 17, 2012, we will study the Books Jeremiah and Lamentations. Both books were written by the “weeping prophet” Jeremiah.
Remember: THREE-A-DAY IS THE EASIEST WAY! There are 1,189 Chapters in the Bible and to read the whole Bible in 52 Weeks, one must read an average of 3.25 Chapters every day!
Here in week thirty-eight, we will teach Jeremiah and Lamentations. Please read Jeremiah and Lamentations and answer the following questions:
Who was the Prophet Jeremiah and what did his name mean?
ANSWER: The Prophet Jeremiah was one of the three major prophets of the Old Testament. The other two were Isaiah and Ezekiel. Daniel was not considered a major prophet or even a prophet because he was not called to prophecy to the chosen people and his book was considered a part of the “writings.” It is not clear what is named really meant but many Bible scholars say it means “Jehovah lifts up” or the “Lord exalts.”
To which position was he born?
ANSWER: Jeremiah 1:1 says clearly that Jeremiah was born a priest.
What was Jeremiah’s main message?
ANSWER: Jeremiah prophesied the decline, fall and captivity of the people of Judah and the foretold of the coming new covenant between God and his people. This new covenant would not be written on tablets but rather written on the hearts of the people.
Jeremiah was called by God to preach his message to whom?
The Southern Kingdom
The people of Judah
All of the above
ANSWER: All of the above!
Where in the first chapter of Jeremiah do you find the call of the prophet by God? What do you think was so unique about God’s call of this prophet?
ANSWER: See Psalm 103:5; Jeremiah 4:13 and 48:40.
From Jeremiah Chapters 2-25 there are thirteen prophecies against the land of Judah. Can you name seven of the thirteen prophecies in these chapters?
ANSWER: The thirteen prophecies in Chapters 2 thru 25 are:
Nine General Prophecies:
a. Jerusalem’s faithlessness (2:1-3:5)
b. Repentance in light of coming judgment (3:6-6:30)
c. False religion and its punishment (chaps. 7-10)
d. The broken covenant (chaps. 11-12)
e. The linen belt and the wineskins (chap. 13)
f. The drought and prayer (chaps. 14-15)
g. Jeremiah’s restrictions and Judah’s sin (16:1-17:18)
h. The keeping of the Sabbath (17:19-27)
i. The potter and the broken jar (chaps. 18-20)
Four Specific Prophecies:
a. The rebuke of the kings (21:1-23:8)
b. The rebuke of the false prophets (23:9-40)
c. The two baskets of figs (chap. 24)
d. The 70-year Captivity in Babylon (chap. 25)
(from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
We learned last week in Isaiah Chapter 64 about the potter and the clay. Where in Jeremiah do we see another powerful metaphor about the potter and clay?
ANSWER: Jeremiah 18:1-6:
1 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord:
2 “Go down to the potter’s house, and there I will give you my message.”
3 So I went down to the potter’s house, and I saw him working at the wheel.
4 But the pot he was shaping from the clay was marred in his hands; so the potter formed it into another pot, shaping it as seemed best to him.
5 Then the word of the Lord came to me:
6 “O house of Israel, can I not do with you as this potter does?” declares the Lord. “Like clay in the hand of the potter, so are you in my hand, O house of Israel.
In Jeremiah Chapter 29 we see a well-known encouraging prophecy about the future from Jeremiah. Where is the prophecy about the future in Chapter 29 and what do you think it meant?
ANSWER: Jeremiah 29:10-14 is a the message from the prophet to Judah that when they have been in Babylon for 70 years the Lord would make a way for them to come to back to Jerusalem. The Lord said in Verse 11: For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.”
Where in the Book of Jeremiah do you see the Lord’s word to Jeremiah about the necessity for a new covenant? What is this new covenant? Who will the new covenant be with?
ANSWER: Some 600 years before Jesus told his disciples at the Last Supper that there would be a new covenant in his blood, here is the Prophet Jeremiah being told by God to declare to His people in Judah in Jeremiah 31:31-34 (NLT):
31 “The day is coming,” says the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah.
32 This covenant will not be like the one I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and brought them out of the land of Egypt. They broke that covenant, though I loved them as a husband loves his wife,” says the Lord.
33 “But this is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day,” says the Lord. “I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.
34 And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their relatives, saying, ‘You should know the Lord.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will know me already,” says the Lord. “And I will forgive their wickedness, and I will never again remember their sins.”
Then in Luke 22:20 (NIV) Jesus said:
20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.
And Paul quoted in Jesus in 1 Corinthians 11:25 (NIV):
25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.”
Why is Jeremiah called the “weeping prophet”? Where in the Book of Jeremiah do you see him being called the weeping prophet?
ANSWER: Jeremiah is often called “the weeping prophet” because he wept openly about the sins of his nation look at Jeremiah 9:1. He was also depressed at times about the futility of his message. As the years passed and his words of judgment went unheeded, he lamented his unfortunate state: “O Lord, You induced me, and I was persuaded; You are stronger than I, and have prevailed. I am in derision daily; everyone mocks me” see Jeremiah 20:7.
Many preachers have preached that Jeremiah said he had a “fire shut up in my bones.” Where do you find those words in the Book of Jeremiah?
ANSWER: At times Jeremiah tried to hold back from his prophetic proclamation. But he found that the word of the Lord was “like a burning fire shut up in my bones” Jeremiah 20:9. He had no choice but to proclaim the harsh message of God’s judgment.
In which Chapters in Jeremiah does he preach about the Fall of Jerusalem?
ANSWER: Chapters 34-36 is where Jeremiah is preaching about the impending Fall of Jerusalem.
What are the names of the nine Gentile nations that Jeremiah prophesied against in Chapters 46-50?
ANSWER: 1) Egypt; 2) Philistia; 3) Moab; 4) Ammon; 5) Edom; 6) Damascus;
7) Kedar and Hazor; 8) Elam; and 9) Babylon
Where do you see the capture of Jerusalem in the Book of Jeremiah?
ANSWER: Jerusalem is captured in Chapter 52:1-11.
Where in the Book of Jeremiah do we see the Exile to Babylon?
ANSWER: Judah is exiled to Babylon in Chapter 52:24-30
When did Jeremiah go to Egypt? Did he die there?
ANSWER: Chapters 43 and 44. Jerusalem was destroyed in 587 BC and we don’t here anything else from Jeremiah after his preaching in Egypt. It is assumed that he died in Egypt.
What does the name Lamentations mean?
ANSWER: The English word Lamentations comes from a Greek verb meaning “to cry aloud,” which accurately describes the contents of the book.
Who wrote Lamentations? How do you know?
ANSWER: Tradition and conservative Bible scholars say Lamentations was written by Jeremiah because the language and writing style sounds like Jeremiah and this book is clearly written by an eyewitness.
Lamentations is made up of how many poems or elegies?
Three b. Seven c. Five
ANSWER: c. Five
What was the main message of Lamentations?
A short Old Testament book, written in poetic form, that expresses deep grief over the destruction of the city of Jerusalem and the Temple. (from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)