On November 14, 2012, we will start our study of the New Testament by reading the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. A good study of these first two books in the New Testament will give us a better understanding of their major points.
Remember: THREE-A-DAY IS THE EASIEST WAY! There are 1,189 Chapters in the Bible and to read the whole Bible in 52 Weeks, one must read an average of 3.25 Chapters every day!
Here in week forty-one, we will also learn what is the New Testament and why was it written. Please read and prepare to answer the following questions:
What is the New Testament?
Answer: The New Testament is the second major division of the Bible. It tells of the life and ministry of Jesus and the growth of the early church. The word testament is best translated as “covenant.” The New Testament is the revealed new covenant of which Jesus was MEDIATOR (Jer 31:31-34; Heb 9:15). This new covenant was sealed with the atoning death of Jesus Christ.
The 27 books of the New Testament were formally adopted as the New Testament canon by the Synod of Carthage in A.D. 397, thus confirming three centuries of usage by the church.
(from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers).C.
Who wrote the Gospel of Matthew? What was his job? Was he one of Jesus’ twelve disciples?
Answer: Matthew was one of the hated tax collectors and he was one of the twelve disciples called by Jesus the Christ.
The Gospel of Matthew is divided into seven sections; can you name five of them?
Answer: The Gospel of Matthew contains seven sections. Each section consists of stories of Jesus’ life, samples of His preaching and teaching, and a concluding refrain, “When Jesus had ended” (7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; 26:1). The story of Jesus’ birth (Matthew chaps. 1-2) and the account of his betrayal, trial, and crucifixion (chaps. 26-28) stand outside this framework; they introduce and conclude the story of Jesus. (SEE THE ATTACHED SUMMARY FOR REMAINING DETAILS ON THE FIVE MAIN SECTIONS)
Who first called Jesus “the king of Jews” and where is it in Matthew? What is the central message of the Gospel of Matthew?
Answer: One of the “Wise Men” kings who came to bring gifts to Jesus after his birth.
Who was the John the Baptist and what was his message?
Answer: The forerunner of Jesus; a moral reformer and preacher of messianic hope. According to Luke 1:36, Elizabeth and Mary, the mothers of John and Jesus, were either blood relatives or close kinswomen. Luke adds that both John and Jesus were announced, set apart, and named by the angel Gabriel even before their birth. He was announced by the Prophet Isaiah in Isaiah 40:3.
What is the “Sermon on the Mount” and where is it in Matthew? What was the main message of the Sermon on the Mount?
Answer: SERMON ON THE MOUNT is the title given to Jesus’ moral and ethical teachings as recorded in Matt 5 through 7. The Sermon on the Mount was brought on by Jesus’ growing popularity (Matt 4:25). At first, the people were attracted to Him because of His healing ministry. When Jesus began to teach, the people remained to hear what He said. They also were impressed with the authority with which He taught. Although many people heard the Sermon on the Mount, it was primarily directed to Jesus’ followers or disciples.
The central theme of the Sermon is summarized in Matt 5:48, “You shall be perfect just as your Father in heaven is perfect.” The word perfect does not refer to sinless or moral perfection. It means completeness, wholeness, maturity-being all that God wants a person to be. It is a goal that is never attained in our earthly life, but it continuously challenges us to greater achievements for the Lord.
What is the first miracle of Jesus performed in Matthew?
Answer: Healing the man with leprosy in Matthew 8:2-4.
Where in Matthew does Jesus send out his disciples? What were the names of Jesus’ 12 Disciples and in which verses do you find them listed?
Answer: In Matthew 10:1-2 Jesus sends out his disciples. Their names are in Verses 2-4: 2 These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
Where in Matthew does Jesus invite those who are tired to come to him?
Answer: Matthew 11:28-30
In which chapter of Matthew do the Pharisees start to reject Jesus?
Answer: Chapter 12.
Matthew 16:1 says that the Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus to test him. Who were the Pharisees? Who were the Sadducees? Why was it so amazing and instructive to have them come together to see Jesus?
Answer: PHARISEES name mean (separated ones) – a religious and political party in Palestine in New Testament times. The Pharisees were known for insisting that the law of God be observed as the scribes interpreted it and for their special commitment to keeping the laws of tithing and ritual purity. They hated the Sadducees.
SADDUCEES were members of a Jewish faction that opposed Jesus during His ministry. Known for their denial of the bodily resurrection, the Sadducees came from the leading families of the nation-the priests, merchants, and aristocrats. The high priests and the most powerful members of the priesthood were mainly Sadducees (Acts 5:17). They hated the Pharisees.
The amazing thing was that these longtime enemies were united against Jesus!
In Matthew Chapter 16 we have what is considered the one of greatest revelations in the Bible. What is this revelation and where is it in Chapter 16?
Answer: In 16:16 Peter says: “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” This was the Holy Spirit revealing to Peter and the disciples who Jesus really was: the Son of the Living God! The promised messiah and savior!!
Why did Jesus call a little child to stand among the disciples in Matthew 18:1?
Answer: To show that least important people to the most powerful are the still important to Jesus! Only women were less than children Jewish society.
What do you think was so important about Jesus’ message about children in Matthew 19:13-14 and how should it apply to us at Charity?
Answer: The kingdom of heaven is not limited to adults who might be considered to be worth more than children. Anyone who comes to the Lord in faith is a worthy subject for the kingdom. This implies (19:15) that Jesus had time for all the children, for He did not depart from the region till He had blessed them all. At Charity we must not and will not put our children on the back burner! They must important to us a church as they were to Jesus. And we must love them all!!
In which Old Testament book do we find the prophecy that Jesus is fulfilling in Matthew 21:1-5?
Answer: Zechariah 9:9 and also see Isaiah 62:11.
When Jesus cleared the Temple in Matthew 21:12-14, why was he so upset about selling in the Temple when the Jews had been selling animals for sacrifices in Temple for hundreds of years? Where in the Gospels do you find where Jesus turned over the tables and cleared the Temple in his early years?
Answer: Because they had corrupted the sacrificial system of selling sheep, goats and bulls for sacrifices to a system where they said only “Temple money” could be spent in the Temple and then they would charge a very high exchange rate, therefore becoming robbers!
Which Old Testament Scriptures was Jesus quoting in Matthew 21:13?
Answer: Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11.
Can you name the three great parables of Jesus in Matthew Chapter 25 and tell us what they mean?
Answer: (1) The 10 Virgins Parable which is about the Judgment of Israel; (2) The Parable about the Talents which about faithfulness and multiplying your gifts and talents; and (3) The Parable about the Sheep and Goats which is about the Judgment of the Gentiles emphasizing that Jesus will consider how we Christians treat others at the Judgment!
In which Chapter 26 verses does Jesus predict that he would be betrayed by one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot?
Answer: Matthew 26:20-25.
In Chapter 26 Jesus gives his instructions for one of only two ordinances in the Baptist Church. What are the two ordinances and which one is in Chapter 26?
Answer: The Lord’s Supper or Communion and Holy Baptism. The Lord’s Supper is covered in Matthew 26:26-30.
Although Judas has been hated by Christians for almost 2,000 years, he was not the only disciple in Matthew 26 to betray the Savior. How many of the other disciples ran away from Jesus? How do you know?
Answer: In Verse 31 Jesus predicted that all of his disciples, including Peter would “fall away” or desert him and in Verse 55 it says that ALL of the disciples deserted him!
Which verses are known as the “Great Commission” in Matthew 28? What do they mean to you?
Answer: Matthew 28:16-20 is called the Great Commission. There meaning to me is more like the Great Command to go out and make disciples by calling them, baptizing, teaching and guiding them in the commandments of Jesus the Christ. It means Jesus will always be with in spirit and in the truth of his teachings.
Who wrote the Gospel of Mark?
Answer: He was John Mark, who was thought to be the writer of the Gospel of Mark. He is the creator of literary form called the “gospel.” He was an associate of Peter and Paul and is thought to have been Peter’s secretary.
What is the main message of the Gospel of Mark?
Answer: The main message of Mark was that Jesus was the son of God and that Jesus had the most unique relationship with God the father and though Jesus was divine he was indeed human!
Mark starts without an important part of Jesus life. What is missing at the beginning of Mark about Jesus?
Answer: Mark does not include anything about the birth of Jesus.
Mark begins with one of the best summary statements of any of the Gospels. Where do you find the summary statement of the purpose of the Gospel of Mark and what does it mean to you?
Answer: Mark 1:1 says, “The beginning of the gospel about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” This is the title and theme of Mark. It means Jesus was the messiah, divine as the God’s only begotten son and Jesus is the start of everything for Chrisitans.
What was Mount Transfiguration and who was there?
Answer: Mount Transfiguration was a high mountain, probably Mount Hermon, where Jesus earthly form was changed or “transfigured” to show God’s glory. On Mount Transfiguration were God, the Father, Moses, Elijah and Jesus.
What disappointment did Jesus run into when he got back from his mountain top experience in Chapter 9?
Answer: When Jesus came back down to the valley from the high mountain and he was disappointed that his disciples did not know how to pray and believe in healing enough to make a difference.
Chapter 10 of Mark gives Jesus greatest leadership principle that Pastor Rivers uses as his guiding leadership principle. What is this great statement and where is it in Mark?
Answer: Mark 10:43-44: 43 Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, 44 and whoever wants to be first must be slave of all. 45 For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
What was the name of the African man who was forced to help Jesus carry his cross? How do you know he was an African? Where is he in Mark?
Answer: Simon of Cyrene in Matthew 27:32 was forced to carry Jesus’ cross on the way to Jesus’ baptism. Cyrene was and is in Africa.
Which verses in Mark lets us know that Jesus had forgiven Peter for his betrayal?
Answer: Mark 16:7 when the angel tells the women to “go tell his disciples and Peter” that Jesus is alive and would meet them in Galilee.
What is the in the Great Commission in Mark that is so different from the Great Commission in Matthew?
Answer: Mark 16:16-18 includes many things not found in Matthew like condemnation of unbelievers, driving out demons, speaking in tongues, handling snakes, drinking deadly poison without being hurt! These make the ending of Mark suspicious to many Bible scholars because the after Mark 16:7 that was not in the original copies of the manuscripts.
Now that you have read the Gospels of Matthew and Mark what do you know now that you didn’t know about these Gospels before?