On October 17, 2012, we will study the Books Jeremiah and Lamentations. Both books were written by the “weeping prophet” Jeremiah.
Remember: THREE-A-DAY IS THE EASIEST WAY! There are 1,189 Chapters in the Bible and to read the whole Bible in 52 Weeks, one must read an average of 3.25 Chapters every day!
Here in week thirty-eight, we will teach Jeremiah and Lamentations. Please read Jeremiah and Lamentations and answer the following questions:
Who was the Prophet Jeremiah and what did his name mean?
ANSWER: The Prophet Jeremiah was one of the three major prophets of the Old Testament. The other two were Isaiah and Ezekiel. Daniel was not considered a major prophet or even a prophet because he was not called to prophecy to the chosen people and his book was considered a part of the “writings.” It is not clear what is named really meant but many Bible scholars say it means “Jehovah lifts up” or the “Lord exalts.”
To which position was he born?
ANSWER: Jeremiah 1:1 says clearly that Jeremiah was born a priest.
What was Jeremiah’s main message?
ANSWER: Jeremiah prophesied the decline, fall and captivity of the people of Judah and the foretold of the coming new covenant between God and his people. This new covenant would not be written on tablets but rather written on the hearts of the people.
Jeremiah was called by God to preach his message to whom?
The Southern Kingdom
The people of Judah
All of the above
ANSWER: All of the above!
Where in the first chapter of Jeremiah do you find the call of the prophet by God? What do you think was so unique about God’s call of this prophet?
ANSWER: See Psalm 103:5; Jeremiah 4:13 and 48:40.
From Jeremiah Chapters 2-25 there are thirteen prophecies against the land of Judah. Can you name seven of the thirteen prophecies in these chapters?
ANSWER: The thirteen prophecies in Chapters 2 thru 25 are:
Nine General Prophecies:
a. Jerusalem’s faithlessness (2:1-3:5)
b. Repentance in light of coming judgment (3:6-6:30)
c. False religion and its punishment (chaps. 7-10)
d. The broken covenant (chaps. 11-12)
e. The linen belt and the wineskins (chap. 13)
f. The drought and prayer (chaps. 14-15)
g. Jeremiah’s restrictions and Judah’s sin (16:1-17:18)
h. The keeping of the Sabbath (17:19-27)
i. The potter and the broken jar (chaps. 18-20)
Four Specific Prophecies:
a. The rebuke of the kings (21:1-23:8)
b. The rebuke of the false prophets (23:9-40)
c. The two baskets of figs (chap. 24)
d. The 70-year Captivity in Babylon (chap. 25)
(from Bible Knowledge Commentary/Old Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries; Bible Knowledge Commentary/New Testament Copyright © 1983, 2000 Cook Communications Ministries. All rights reserved.)
We learned last week in Isaiah Chapter 64 about the potter and the clay. Where in Jeremiah do we see another powerful metaphor about the potter and clay?
ANSWER: Jeremiah 18:1-6:
1 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord:
2 “Go down to the potter’s house, and there I will give you my message.”
3 So I went down to the potter’s house, and I saw him working at the wheel.
4 But the pot he was shaping from the clay was marred in his hands; so the potter formed it into another pot, shaping it as seemed best to him.
5 Then the word of the Lord came to me:
6 “O house of Israel, can I not do with you as this potter does?” declares the Lord. “Like clay in the hand of the potter, so are you in my hand, O house of Israel.
In Jeremiah Chapter 29 we see a well-known encouraging prophecy about the future from Jeremiah. Where is the prophecy about the future in Chapter 29 and what do you think it meant?
ANSWER: Jeremiah 29:10-14 is a the message from the prophet to Judah that when they have been in Babylon for 70 years the Lord would make a way for them to come to back to Jerusalem. The Lord said in Verse 11: For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.”
Where in the Book of Jeremiah do you see the Lord’s word to Jeremiah about the necessity for a new covenant? What is this new covenant? Who will the new covenant be with?
ANSWER: Some 600 years before Jesus told his disciples at the Last Supper that there would be a new covenant in his blood, here is the Prophet Jeremiah being told by God to declare to His people in Judah in Jeremiah 31:31-34 (NLT):
31 “The day is coming,” says the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah.
32 This covenant will not be like the one I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and brought them out of the land of Egypt. They broke that covenant, though I loved them as a husband loves his wife,” says the Lord.
33 “But this is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day,” says the Lord. “I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.
34 And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their relatives, saying, ‘You should know the Lord.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will know me already,” says the Lord. “And I will forgive their wickedness, and I will never again remember their sins.”
Then in Luke 22:20 (NIV) Jesus said:
20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.
And Paul quoted in Jesus in 1 Corinthians 11:25 (NIV):
25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.”
Why is Jeremiah called the “weeping prophet”? Where in the Book of Jeremiah do you see him being called the weeping prophet?
ANSWER: Jeremiah is often called “the weeping prophet” because he wept openly about the sins of his nation look at Jeremiah 9:1. He was also depressed at times about the futility of his message. As the years passed and his words of judgment went unheeded, he lamented his unfortunate state: “O Lord, You induced me, and I was persuaded; You are stronger than I, and have prevailed. I am in derision daily; everyone mocks me” see Jeremiah 20:7.
Many preachers have preached that Jeremiah said he had a “fire shut up in my bones.” Where do you find those words in the Book of Jeremiah?
ANSWER: At times Jeremiah tried to hold back from his prophetic proclamation. But he found that the word of the Lord was “like a burning fire shut up in my bones” Jeremiah 20:9. He had no choice but to proclaim the harsh message of God’s judgment.
In which Chapters in Jeremiah does he preach about the Fall of Jerusalem?
ANSWER: Chapters 34-36 is where Jeremiah is preaching about the impending Fall of Jerusalem.
What are the names of the nine Gentile nations that Jeremiah prophesied against in Chapters 46-50?
ANSWER: 1) Egypt; 2) Philistia; 3) Moab; 4) Ammon; 5) Edom; 6) Damascus;
7) Kedar and Hazor; 8) Elam; and 9) Babylon
Where do you see the capture of Jerusalem in the Book of Jeremiah?
ANSWER: Jerusalem is captured in Chapter 52:1-11.
Where in the Book of Jeremiah do we see the Exile to Babylon?
ANSWER: Judah is exiled to Babylon in Chapter 52:24-30
When did Jeremiah go to Egypt? Did he die there?
ANSWER: Chapters 43 and 44. Jerusalem was destroyed in 587 BC and we don’t here anything else from Jeremiah after his preaching in Egypt. It is assumed that he died in Egypt.
What does the name Lamentations mean?
ANSWER: The English word Lamentations comes from a Greek verb meaning “to cry aloud,” which accurately describes the contents of the book.
Who wrote Lamentations? How do you know?
ANSWER: Tradition and conservative Bible scholars say Lamentations was written by Jeremiah because the language and writing style sounds like Jeremiah and this book is clearly written by an eyewitness.
Lamentations is made up of how many poems or elegies?
Three b. Seven c. Five
ANSWER: c. Five
What was the main message of Lamentations?
A short Old Testament book, written in poetic form, that expresses deep grief over the destruction of the city of Jerusalem and the Temple. (from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)



On October 10,2012, we complete the Book of the Prophet Isaiah by studying Chapters 40-66. Last week we studied Chapters 1-39 which primarily showed God’s judgment of his chosen people in Judah as they committed great sins and engaged in idolatry and mistreatment of each other. This week we will study Chapters 40-66 which contain God’s promises of love, mercy and restoration for his chosen people after their punishment in exile in Babylon.
Remember: THREE-A-DAY IS THE EASIEST WAY! There are 1,189 Chapters in the Bible and to read the whole Bible in 52 Weeks, one must read an average of 3.25 Chapters every day!
Here in week thirty-seven, we will read and understand Isaiah’s beautifully written prophecies about the coming Messiah Jesus the Christ, God’s love of justice and some of the best known Scriptures in the Bible. The Book of Isaiah has been called the Fifth Gospel of the Bible and these chapters will show why. Please read prayerfully and carefully Isaiah40-66 and answer the following questions:
Like the Gospels in the New Testament, Isaiah 40 begins with good news. What was this good news and in which verses do you see it?What do you think the prophet means by the term “hard service”?
ANSWER: This section has 27 Chapters just as the New Testament has 27 Books. The good news in Chapter 40 was that the exile was almost over and better days were on the way! We see this good news in Verses 1 and 2. The term “hard service” in Verse 2 means Jerusalem’s warfare and suffering.
Who wasthe New Testament prophet from the prophecy in Isaiah 40:3?Where in the New Testament is the prophecy fulfilled? What was the meaning of his message from this verse?
ANSWER: Isaiah 40:3 is the prophecy of the coming Jesus’s cousin John the Baptist. John was the “voice crying in the wilderness” as a man who lived in the desert making a highway for the coming of the Messiah Jesus the Christ! This prophecy is fulfilled in all four of the Gospels! Look at Matthew 3:1-4; Mark 1:1-4; Luke 1:62-78; and John 1:23.
In which verses in Chapter 40 do we find great words that were made popular by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.? What do you think those words mean?
ANSWER: In Verses 4-5 we find the powerful and inspiring words that Dr. King often included in his sermons and speeches: “Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain: And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together:”
Isaiah 40:31 are God’s well-known words to His chosen people who are weary in Babylon “But those who wait on the Lord Shall renew their strength; They shall mount up with wings like eagles,” NKJV. Where else in the Old Testament do you find metaphors about eagles that give an idea of the meaning of this text?
ANSWER: See Psalm 103:5; Jeremiah 4:13 and 48:40.
Which verses in Isaiah Chapter 42 do you think are considered to be messianic prophecies about Jesus?
ANSWER: In Verses 1-9.
In Chapter 43 Isaiah speaks of redemption when he says that the Lord redeemed Israel in Verse 1. In which verses of Chapter 43 does God show His redemption of Israel by “doing a new thing”?What do you think those verses mean?
ANSWER: In Verses 18-19 the Lord says: “Do not remember the former things, Nor consider the things of old. Behold, I will do a new thing, Now it shall spring forth; Shall you not know it? I will even make a road in the wilderness And rivers in the desert.” Here the Lord is telling His chosen to not look back at when He brought them out of Egypt as the limit of His power and as the last great thing He did but rather the Lord was telling them “you ain’t seen nothing yet!” The Lord was about to do a new thing then and a brand new thing with the coming Messiah hundreds of years later!
In Isaiah 45:1 we have a WOW moment when the Lord calls King Cyrus his “anointed.”Why do you think the Lord anointed Cyrus? Which verse in Chapter 45 shows that God can even use those who do not know Him or serve Him to save His people and go after their enemies
ANSWER: The Lord called Cyrus His anointed probably because while Israel was in exile she had no king like David or Solomon so God “anointed” Cyrus to take care of His chosen people! In Verse 4 the Lord says: “I have even called you by your name; I have named you, though you have not known Me.” Meaning for His people God chose to use a “heathen king” to save His people and defeat their enemies. It was the great King Cyrus who issued the decree that allowed the remnant to return to Jerusalem after the exile.
Chapters49-57 give us the heart of the messianic prophecies of Isaiah.Chapter 53 has some of the most beautiful, yet powerful, words in all literature. How would you explain to a teenager the meaning of Isaiah Chapter 53:1-7?
ANSWER: Theinterpretation of this awesome section of Scripture is:
Verse 1 where most Jews would not believe the report of the remnant about the suffering servant who is our Lord and Savior Jesus the Christ.
Verse 2 means Jesus came up out of a spiritually dry place and he did not looklike the beautiful, regal looking king they were expecting.
Verse 3 means Israel, his own people, despised and rejected him and he had many sorrows and experienced great sufferings but he was used to it for us.
Verse 4 means he carried the burden and weight of our sin sick souls with him during his Earthly ministry and took our grief and sorrow with him to the cross.
Verse 5 means he was our substitute who took the brutal beating with the whip for us and took nails in his hands and feet for us and a sword pierced his side for us and those who believe in him today have an inner peace because he was punished for us and through his awful, painful and wretched death we are healed from our sins!
And Verse 6 means just like sheep without a shepherd we followed other leading sheep among us and went after our own way and not God’s way and became lost sheep but as John Newton wrote, because of the Amazing Grace of God through Christ Jesus we once were lost but now we are found! Blind sheep that now can see because of our redemption through the blood of the “Lamb of God!”
What does God say in IsaiahChapter 58 as His amazing lesson on what He thinks about fasting without meaning and as a fad and why He expects His people to do justice?
ANSWER: Chapter 58 tells us that God is not impressed fasting that tries to impress other men and women. He says in Verse 1 that his prophets (preachers) are expected to shout loud against injustice. In Verses 3-6 he says our fasts are phony because of how we treat workers, quarreling and even fighting with each other! In Verses 6-7 God said that a true fast to Him is one where we loose the chains of injustice, free the oppressed, break every yoke of unfairness, feed the hungry with our food, provide housing for the homeless, clothing for the naked, to help our own families. Jesus said much of the same thing in Matthew 25:35-45!! In Verses 8-10 God says he will let our light rise and bring healing to us and he will have our back if we do justice! He will make our darknessbright as the noonday if we do justice.
Where in the Gospel of Luke do we find the Scripture in Chapter 61? What is the difference between what Jesus read in Luke and what Isaiah writes in Chapter 61? Do you see Isaiah’s prophecy about the Trinity in Chapter 61?
ANSWER: Luke 4:18-19:
18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me,
Because He has anointed Me
To preach the gospel to the poor;
He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to the captives
And recovery of sight to the blind,
To set at liberty those who are oppressed;
19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.”
The difference between Luke 4:18-19 and Isaiah 61:1-2 is that Jesus deletes the mention of God’s “day of vengeance” which is in Isaiah 61:2. The Trinity is found in both Isaiah 61:1 and Luke 4:18 with the Spirit of the Lord (Holy Spirit) of the Lord (the Father) upon me (the Son).
What is the new name for Jerusalem or Zion given In Chapter 62? What does that new name mean?
ANSWER: The new name for Jerusalem in Chapter 62 is Hephzibah in Verse 4 and it means “my delight is in her.”
In Isaiah 63:7-64:12 Israelprays a national prayer to God. Where in Chapter 64 does Israel say that God is the father and potter and we are the clay?
ANSWER: Isaiah 64:8.
In Isaiah Chapter 65God answers Israel’s prayer with an incredible response that is also in the Book of Revelation. Can you find what God says in Chapter 65 that is also a major point of Revelation?
ANSWER: In Chapter 65:17 God says there will be a new heaven and a new earth and in Revelation 21:1. Also in Isaiah 65:18 God says he will create a newJerusalem and God says the same thing in Revelation 21:2. And God says in Isaiah 65:17 that the former things will pass away and in Revelation 21:4 it says essentially the same thing.
Where in Chapter 66 do you find the beautiful phrase“peace like a river”?
ANSWER:Isaiah 66:12.
REFLECTIONS: Which Isaiah verses were you surprised to find in this book?