READING THE BIBLE IN 52 WEEKS
PSALMS 42-72 BOOK 2
On August 8, 2012, we will continue the study of the Book of Psalms, the church’s book of praise, hymns, songs and prayers! The Psalms was known in Hebrew as the Tehillim which meant “praise songs.” In the Greek, they were called “Psalmoi” which meant “songs to accompany stringed instrument.” The Book of Psalms is the longest book in the Bible with 150 chapters and can speak to your every situation!
The Book of Psalms is divided into five books or divisions. Those books or divisions are: Book 1 (1-41); Book 2 (42-72); Book 3 (73-89); Book 4 (90-106); and Book 5 (107-150). Each of book or division of Psalms ends with a benediction.
Remember: THREE-A-DAY IS THE EASIEST WAY! There are 1,189 Chapters in the Bible and to read the whole Bible in 52 Weeks, one must read an average of 3.25 Chapters every day!
Here in week twenty-nine we now turn in our study to Book 2 of the Psalms. In fact, some of the Psalms in 42-72 include some of the best known and most often quoted Scriptures in the entire Bible!
Please read prayerfully and carefully Psalms 42 thru 72 and answer the following questions that we will discuss in our session on this Wednesday:
1. Of the 31 Psalms in Book 2, how many were written by King David and how many by his son Solomon?
ANSWER: 20 of the Psalms in Book 2 were written by David and one by Solomon.
2. Many Biblical scholars believe Psalms 42 and 43 were one Psalm originally because of a repeat of an important verse in both Psalms. Which verse in Psalm 42 is repeated in Psalm 42 and again in Psalm 43?
ANSWER: Verse 5 is repeated at Verse 11 in Psalms 42 and repeated in Verse 5 in Psalm 43.
3. In which verses of Psalm 42 does the psalmist declare he will “yet praise him” when speaking of God? What do you think he meant by this phrase?
ANSWER: Verses 5 and 11. To me it means even in the middle of distress and crisis he will yet praise the LORD! He is a yet praise kind of God! He is worthy!
4. What kind of psalm in Psalm 44?
b. National Lament
ANSWER: b. National Lament
5. The word Selah occurs 71 times in the Psalms and is found after Verse 8 in Psalm 44. What does Selah mean and should it be said while reading the Psalms aloud?
ANSWER: Selah means a silent pause. It SHOULD NOT be said or read.
6. Psalms 46-48 express confidence in God’s protection of His people in times of trouble. What is the great hymn written by Martin Luther from Psalm 46?
ANSWER: “A Mighty Fortress is Our God” from Verses 7 and 11.
7. What kind of Psalm is Psalm 47?
b. National Lament
ANSWER: c. Enthronement. Psalms 93 and 95-99 are also enthronement psalms.
8. Psalms 51 is a confession Psalm and is one of the greatest of all the Psalms. This Psalm includes some of the beautiful words found in the Bible. In Verses 1 and 2 what three things did David ask God to do with his great sins?
ANSWER: Blot out; wash away; and cleanse.
9. In Psalm 51:4 David said he had only sinned against God. What do you think this statement by David meant then and now for Christians today?
ANSWER: David said this because we can only sin against God. We don’t commit sin against human beings. We can hurt human beings. We can destroy them. We can ruin them. But we can’t sin against them and they can’t forgive our sins. Only God can forgive sin! Human beings can and should forgive our wrongs, transgressions, and wickedness but only our God can forgive sin!
10. What do you think is the most often repeated request of God from David in Psalm 51 that has helped Christians since the beginning of the Church? What does this request mean for you in your life today?
ANSWER: Let’s look at this in three Bible versions: KJV, NIV and the Message:
10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
10 Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.
10 God, make a fresh start in me, shape a Genesis week from the chaos of my life.
(from THE MESSAGE:
For Christians today, this should mean asking God to give us a new heart, a fresh start! It is not renovating or rebuilding our wicked or abused heart. It is starting all over, from scratch! When we ask for a new heart that means the old one is gone! The challenge we try to hold on to the old one and use the new one!
11. In Psalms 52-65 David is shown praying in fear, hiding, running, and under attack by many enemies. When we consider how strong and courageous David was in the Scriptures, what does it say about his personality that he seemed so weak and scary at times while writing these Psalms?
ANSWER: It shows that David, like all of us, was not a one dimensional being. He was complex as we all are. This also shows the great importance of reading the Bible in largest possible context. David had the fears and doubts that all humans have. The difference is he wrote a diary of prayers and poems and they are now published for the world to see. Our diaries are private. If they became public some of us would be too embarrassed to stay around after they are published! Of course in today’s world this would be called “Reality TV!”
12. What kind of Psalm is Psalm 66?
b. National Lament
ANSWER: a. Thanksgiving
13. Psalms 69-71 are considered prayers of David for deliverance from internal enemies. Which verse in Psalm 69 says that David believes his enemies were after him for no good reason?
ANSWER: Verse 4, says: “Those who hate me without reason outnumber the hairs of my head; many are my enemies without cause, those who seek to destroy me. I am forced to restore what I did not steal.” NIV
14. Psalm 69 is also thought to be a messianic Psalm which is often quoted in the New Testament. Which verse in Psalm 69 is quoted in each of the Gospels and viewed as prophecy of the coming crucifixion of our Lord and Savior Jesus the Christ?
ANSWER: Psalm 69:21, says “They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.” NIV
15. Can you name the verses in the four Gospels that come from Psalm 69 as prophecy of Christ’s suffering on the cross?
ANSWER: Matthew 27:34, 48; Mark 15:23, 36; Luke 23:36; and John 19:29 (All NIV)
Matt 27:34 – There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.
Matt 27:48 – Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a stick, and offered it to Jesus to drink.
Mark 15:23 – Then they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it.
Mark 15:36 – One man ran, filled a sponge with wine vinegar, put it on a stick, and offered it to Jesus to drink. “Now leave him alone. Let’s see if Elijah comes to take him down,” he said.
Luke 23:36 – The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar
John 19:29 – A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips.
16. Which is your favorite or two favorite Psalms in 42-72? Why?
ANSWER: Psalms 42 and 51 are my favorites in Book 2.
Psalm 42 reminds me to hold on in trouble and give God a yet praise!
Psalm 51 tells me that God will forgive a wretch like me because he forgave David and he is the only one that can replace my old heart with a new one!
17. Which verse in Psalm 71 shows David is asking for God’s help against his enemies who are attacking him because he has grown old?
ANSWER: Verses 9-13 and 18.
18. Who wrote Psalm 72?
ANSWER: David’s son Solomon.
19. Where in Psalm 72 do we find the second doxology in the Book of Psalms?
ANSWER: Verses 18 and 19.
20. Verse 20 of Psalm 72 says this ends the prayers of “David son of Jesse.” Was this the last Psalm of David in the Book of Psalms?
ANSWER: No, this is not the last Psalm of David. This note probably referred to an earlier collection of psalms. The Psalms were compiled over a period of more than one thousand years and there were different collections before the final was published.
Other Psalms of David yet to come are: (Psalms 86; 101; 103; 108:1-110:7; 122; 124; 131; 133; 138:1-145:21).
Now that you have read Psalms 42-72 in context from the beginning, tell us two things you learned that you did not know about Psalms 42-72?
STUDY BOOK 3 PSALMS 72-89 FOR AUGUST 15, 2012