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Welcome to Bible Study! We continue our teaching this month on Salvation by discussing Justification this week.
Review the attached handout on Justification from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary and the referenced Scriptures to help answer our questions on Justification.
Here we go!
1. Justification is a part of Salvation. What is Justification?
Romans 3:22-25
22 This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. NIV
2. The handout from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary says that justification by grace is defined in the Scripture above. What does Romans 3:24 mean to you in terms of its teaching on justification by grace.
3. Romans 3:23 is quoted often by Christians, what do you think it really means?
2 Corinthians 5:19
19 that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation. NIV
4. What does the reconciliation in 2 Corinthians 5:19 do for our sins?
Romans 5:9
9 Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! NIV
5. Romans 5:9 says justification is based on Jesus Christ and accomplished through his what?
Romans 3:25-26
25 God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— 26 he did it to demonstrate his justice at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus. NIV
6. Justification is God’s justice. What does Romans 3:25 say that God did to demonstrate His justice in allowing us justification by faith?
7. Romans 3:26 says we are justified by our what in Jesus the Christ? How?
Ephesians 2:8-9
8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith — and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— 9 not by works, so that no one can boast. NIV
James 2:24
24 You see that a person is justified by what he does and not by faith alone. NIV
8. In Ephesians 2:8-9 Paul says we are saved (justified) by faith and not works, yet in James 2:24 the Lord’s brother James says we are justified by works and faith. Is this a conflict in the Scriptures?
Ephesians 2:10
10 For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do. NIV
9. How does Ephesians 2:10 help resolve this conflict?
James 2:26
26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also. NKJV
10. You may have heard of James 2:26 before. What do you think this means to young people today now that you understand justification by grace and justification by faith?
Romans 5:9
9 Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! NIV
Romans 8:30
30 And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified. NIV
11. The handout says there are negative and positive results from justification. What do the above Scriptures tell us about what we are saved from and saved to?
Next week we conclude our study of Salvation by looking at Predestination and Glorification. We will discuss what is predestination? Does it still happen today? What is glorification and when do we get it? See you next week!


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The process by which sinful human beings are made acceptable to a holy God is called Justification.
Justification by Grace. Christianity is unique because of its teaching of justification by grace (Rom 3:24). Justification is God’s declaration that the demands of His Law have been fulfilled in the righteousness of His Son. The basis for this justification is the death of Christ. Paul tells us that “God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them” (2 Cor 5:19). This reconciliation covers all sin: “For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified” (Heb 10:14). Justification, then, is based on the work of Christ, accomplished through His blood (Rom 5:9) and brought to His people through His resurrection (Rom 4:25).
When God justifies, He charges the sin of man to Christ and credits the righteousness of Christ to the believer (2 Cor 5:21). Thus, “through one Man’s righteous act, the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life” (Rom 5:18). Because this righteousness is “the righteousness of God” which is “apart from the law” (Rom 3:21), it is thorough; a believer is “justified from all things” (Acts 13:39). God is “just” because His holy standard of perfect righteousness has been fulfilled in Christ, and He is the “justifier,” because this righteousness is freely given to the believer (Rom 3:26; 5:16).
Justification by Faith. Although the Lord Jesus has paid the price for our justification, it is through our faith that He is received and His righteousness is experienced and enjoyed (Rom 3:25-30). Faith is considered righteousness (Rom 4:3,9), not as the work of man (Rom 4:5), but as the gift and work of God (John 6:28-29; Phil 1:29).
The New Testament sometimes seems to speak of justification by works. For example, Jesus spoke of justification (and condemnation) “by your words” (Matt 12:37). Paul said, “the doers of the law will be justified” (Rom 2:13). And James concluded that “a man is justified by works, and not by faith only” (James 2:24).
These statements seem to conflict with Paul’s many warnings that “by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight” (Rom 3:20), and that the attempt to be justified through law is equivalent to being “estranged from Christ” and “fallen from grace” (Gal 5:4).
The solution to this problem lies in the distinction between the works of the flesh and the fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:16-25). Not only is Christ’s righteousness legally accounted to the believer, but Christ also dwells in the believer through the Holy Spirit (Rom 8:10), creating works of faith (Eph 2:10). Certainly God’s works may be declared righteous (Isa 26:12). If this is true, then the order of events in justification is grace, faith, and works; or, in other words, by grace, through faith, resulting in works (Eph 2:8-10).
The Results of Justification. The negative result of justification is what we are saved from: “Having now been justified…we shall be saved from wrath” (Rom 5:9). The positive result is what we are saved to: “Whom He justified, these He also glorified” (Rom 8:30).
Paul also notes “peace with God” (Rom 5:1) and access to God’s grace (Rom 5:2) as positive benefits. The believer in Christ may look forward to the redemption of his body (Rom 8:23) and an eternal inheritance (Rom 8:17; 1 Peter 1:4).
(from Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)_